Benefits Trends: Labor Department Annual Report

July 26, 2013

The bigger the organization, the greater the chance they are providing employee benefits. In last week’s Labor Department annual report on employee benefits, both size and ownership impact whether companies provide health care benefits, retirement plans, paid vacation and sick leave.

The study found that in 2012, 88% of private sector companies with 500 workers or more provided their employees with health care benefits. The percentage dropped with workforce size. For companies with 100-499 employees, the number fell to 82%. For companies with 50-99 employees, the number further dropped to 69%. And for the smallest companies, with 1-49 employees, only 53% of workers had access to employer-sponsored benefits. The trend was very similar in the public sector, with 90% of organizations with 500 or more employees providing coverage.

Access to company health care in both the public and private sectors rarely changes by more than one percentage point from year to year. In 2011, 90% of the largest companies provided health care benefits and 53% of the smallest companies provided access. In 2002, 82% of companies with 100 workers or more workers provided health care benefits and 58% of companies with 1-99 workers provided the same benefits. The 2013 report continues a long-standing trend of larger employers providing benefits.

Payroll and hours data were also examined in the report and analysts concluded that the numbers did not indicate any extreme increase in the part time work force. While the part time work force can fluctuate by thousands, its percentage of the total workforce has stayed level, between 18.5%-20%, since 2009.

The Labor Department’s report indicates that trends in employer sponsorship of health care benefits are continuing as they have over the last few years. Benefits continue to depend on the size of the company, and the small bump in the part time workforce may mean more part time workers, but as a percentage of the total workforce, it remains constant.

Read more about the report here:

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